Awungshi Chirmayo vs Government of NCT of Delhi 2024 INSC 249 – CBI Investigation

Constitution of India, 1950; Article 32, 226 – CBI Investigation – Circumstances under which the Constitutional Courts would be empowered to issue directions for CBI enquiry to be made – Referred to State of West Bengal and Others vs Committee for Protection of Democratic Rights, West Bengal and others (2010) 3 SCC 571 : the power to transfer investigation should be used sparingly, however, it could be used for doing complete justice and ensuring there is no violation of fundamental rights – The powers of this Court for directing further investigation regardless of the stage of investigation are extremely wide. This can be done even if the chargesheet has been submitted by the prosecuting agency – Referred to Bharati Tamang v. Union of India and Others (2013) 15 SCC 578- The need of Courts to be alive to genuine grievances brought before it by ordinary citizens- Referred to Zahira Habibulla H. Sheikh v. State of Gujarat (2004) 4 SCC 158 – unresolved crimes tend to erode public trust in institutions which have been established for maintaining law and order. Criminal investigation must be both fair and effective. (Para 13-16)

Summary: CBI directed to investigate the case of death of a 25 years old young girl who was a permanent resident of Manipur and at the relevant time was working in a call centre at Delhi – SC observed; Apparently there seems to be no reason for a young girl of 25 years of age to commit suicide. Prima facie it does not seem to be a case of suicide. The crime scene shows that blood was spattered on the floor and the bed sheet was completely drenched in blood. It appears to be a homicidal death and therefore the culprits must be apprehended.

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