Prabhat Kumar Mishra @ Prabhat Mishra vs State Of UP 2024 INSC 172 :: [2024] 3 S.C.R. 157 – Abetment Of Suicide Case Quashed –

Indian Penal Code, 1860; Section 306 – Suicide note shows that the deceased was frustrated on account of work pressure and was apprehensive of various random factors unconnected to his official duties. He was also feeling the pressure of working in two different districts. However, such apprehensions expressed in the suicide note, by no stretch of imagination, can be considered sufficient to attribute to the appellant, an act or omission constituting the elements of abetment to commit suicide. (Para 23)

Summary – Criminal Proceedings against appellant under Section 3(2)(v) of the SC/ST Act and Section 306 IPC set aside – Allowing appeal, SC held: – prosecution of the appellant herein for the offence under Section 3(2)(v) of the SC/ST Act is ex facie illegal and unwarranted because it is nowhere the case of the prosecution in the entire charge-sheet that the offence under IPC was committed by the appellant upon the deceased on the basis of his caste- Prosecution case is entirely based on the suicide note left behind by the deceased before committing suicide. On a minute perusal of the suicide note, we do not find that the contents thereof indicate any act or omission on the part of the accused appellant which could make him responsible for abetment as defined under Section 107 IPC.

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