Koushik Mutually Aided Cooperative Housing Society vs Ameena Begum 2023 INSC 1065 – CPC – Ex-Parte Decree

Code of Civil Procedure, 1908; Section 115, Order IX Rule 13, Order XLIII Rule 1(d) – When an application is filed seeking condonation of delay for seeking setting aside an ex-parte decree and the same is dismissed and consequently, the petition is also dismissed, the appeal under Order XLIII Rule 1(d) CPC is maintainable- When an application or petition filed under Order IX Rule 13 CPC is dismissed, the defendant can avail a remedy by preferring an appeal in terms of Order XLIII Rule 1 CPC- When an alternative and effective appellate remedy is available to a defendant, against an ex-parte decree, it would not be appropriate for the defendant to resort to filing of revision under Section 115 of the CPC challenging the order refusing to set aside the order of setting the defendant ex-parte. (Para 15-16)

Code of Civil Procedure, 1908; Section 115 –When there is an express provision available under the CPC or any statute under which an appeal is maintainable, by-passing the same, a Revision Petition cannot be filed – In the absence of an appellate remedy, a revision may be maintainable. (Para 17)

Code of Civil Procedure, 1908; Section 115 – As against the ex-parte decree, a defendant has three remedies available to him. First, is by way of filing an application under Order IX Rule 13 CPC seeking for setting aside ex-parte decree; the second, is by way of filing an appeal against the ex-parte decree under Section 96(2) of the CPC and the third, is by way of review before the same court against the ex-parte decree – an appeal against an ex-parte decree even after the dismissal of an application under Order IX Rule 13 CPC is maintainable – Once the appeal preferred by the defendant against the ex-parte decree is dismissed, except when it is withdrawn, the remedy under Order IX Rule 13 CPC cannot be pursued- an appeal only against the refusal to set aside the ex-parte decree is maintainable whereas if an order allowing such an application is passed, the same is not appealable. (Para 12-16)

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